The composition of family farm household income varies by the type of farm.
For example, households operating commercial family farms earned most of their income on the farm ($225,264 on average in 2017).
Residence family farm households relied mostly on off-farm wages and salaries ($69,493 on average). Intermediate family farm households, meanwhile, had relatively high retirement and disability income ($19,222 on average), in part because these households had the oldest principal operators on average.
Less than half of all farm households had positive incomes from their farm operations in 2017.
Among commercial farm households, 86 percent had positive income from farming, compared to 51 percent of intermediate farm households and 35 percent of residence farm households.
At the median, U.S. farm households earned $67,500 from non-farm sources, compared to a median loss of $800 from farming operations.
This chart appears in the Amber Waves infographic “Farm Households Rely on Many Sources of Income,” published June 2019.